Recently, the National Energy Board, the Department of Ecology Environment issued "on the issuance of 2018, the provinces (autonomous regions and municipalities) of coal ultra-low emissions and energy-saving targets and tasks" (the "Notice"), called on all localities continued to do over coal low-emission and energy-saving, and promote the development of clean and efficient coal. Ultra-low emissions and to promote energy-saving work in the country has been more than two years, has been established to complete the task of transformation in the eastern provinces, the transformation of the focus shifted to the central and western regions, while the transformation of scope as technology advances and the increasing demand for policy gradually extended.
Under the "notice" requirement, this year nationwide, ultra-low emissions coal power reform objectives and tasks a total of 48.68 million kilowatts, energy-saving goal is to reach 53.905 million kilowatts. In 2016, the capacity of the units involved in the transformation of two to 254.36 million kilowatts, respectively, and 189.4 million kilowatts, good reform bear fruit.
President of the State Power Environmental Protection Research Institute Zhu France and China, said: "By the end of last year, a nationwide ultra-low emissions transformation target task completion rate has reached 71%," ultra-low emissions coal and transformation better, the eastern region has been basically completed, part central provinces ahead of the completion of the task of transformation.
In 2015, the former Ministry of Environmental Protection, the National Development and Reform Commission, the National Energy Board issued "the full implementation of ultra-low emissions and energy-saving programs of work-fired power plant", requires the completion of the eastern part of the overall transformation of ultra-low emissions before the end of 2017, the central region and strive in 2018 years basically completed, the completion of the western region in 2020. "2018 provinces (autonomous regions and municipalities) of coal ultra-low emissions and energy-saving task summary table" (hereinafter referred to as "transformation task list") shows that the eastern provinces have been basically completed the transformation of ultra-low emissions, not published this year transformation capacity unit task. But it is located in the Yangtze River Delta, Jiangsu Province, still issued 1.4 million kilowatts ultra-low emissions and energy-saving renovation target of 900,000 kilowatts.
Zhu France and China, said, "in accordance with the requirements of 2015, Jiangsu has completed the ultra-low emissions and energy-saving target in 2017. However, the new policy will be more units into the transformation range, Jiangsu this year, there is still the task of transformation. In June, the State Council issued a "winning blue sky battle three-year action plan" (hereinafter referred to as "three-year action plan"), required by the end of 2020, more than 65 tons of steam key areas of coal-fired boilers have completed ultra-low emissions and energy-saving. "
It is understood that "three-year action plan" prior to the implementation of energy-saving and environmental protection requirements only for the reconstruction of more than 300,000 kilowatts of conventional units, more than 100,000 kilowatts of power plant owned units. "According to the existing requirements, including Beijing and Tianjin and the surrounding areas, the Yangtze River Delta region and Fenwei plains, including the key areas, more than 65 tons of steam boilers are also included in the scope of the transformation will involve part of 100,000 kilowatts or less captive power plant units and industrial boilers. "Zhu France and China, said," "three-year action plan" in addition to the deadline of 2020, does not provide a specific timetable for the task. Next, the key areas are the provinces in accordance with the requirements of more units, boiler transformation. "
"Task of transformation" table displays, ultra-low emissions transformation capacity this year, mainly in the western region of Inner Mongolia, Shaanxi, Gansu, Xinjiang and so on. In the trend of ultra-low emissions overall speed of the transformation, central Shanxi, Anhui, Henan and other provinces in the region have been completed ahead of the transformation target ultra-low emissions, but energy-saving task still more arduous. Among them, Henan Province this year, energy-saving target capacity of 10.8 million kilowatts, Hunan has reached 9.995 million kilowatts.
Since the ultra-low emission transformation involves the emission of pollutants and other environmental problems, caused by the high social concern. In contrast, concern about energy-saving electric power mainly from the enterprises themselves. Zhu France and China, told reporters, on the one hand is the national energy saving policy requirements, on the other hand also in line with the needs of enterprises to reduce their own costs. At present coal prices continued to run high, coal companies operating pressure, reduce production costs even more urgent demand.
In 2014, the National Development and Reform Commission, the former Ministry of Environmental Protection, the National Energy Board issued "coal upgrading and transformation of energy saving action plan (2014-2020 years)", for energy-saving technology roadmap active coal-fired power units were enumerated, involving the master each link auxiliary equipment, environmental protection equipment and a total of 20 reform measures, in addition to "subcritical unit transformed into ultra (ultra) supercritical units", the rest of the technology have already matured.
In recent years, along with tighter environmental requirements, provide renovation and operation and maintenance services to the rapid development of environmental protection industry. In particular third-party environmental companies, with technical, cost and other advantages, occupy a certain share of power generation enterprise environmental transformation market. But a power industry experts said, is very difficult third-party independent companies to enter the field of environmental protection energy-saving power plant.
"Ultra-low emission increase in the transformation of the original system is new equipment, energy-saving and optimized for major transformation of existing equipment, and boiler plant, steam turbine plant than environmental protection enterprises to understand their own devices." The expert said, "Not only that as systems engineering, energy-efficient coal-fired units involved in the whole process of production, and plant operation economy, is closely related to security, not easily open to third-party companies. third-party companies to enter the energy-saving environmental protection than to enter the market face greater pressure."
Steam boilers What is the function? Too many in the form of vertical steam boiler prices, would like to give a quick four tons of ordinary steam boiler talk. Water in the steam drum is heated to become vapor, fire emits heat in the furnace, it is the principle of the steam boiler. Let me say a boiler pot. This boiler is a boiler drum with a water cooling wall at about the subregional arrangements drum pyrotechnic two return pipe, before the folded portion of the drum front smoke box. Between the drum and the tank in connection with the downcomer tubes and water-cooled bi, constituting the frame of the combustion chamber. There upper steam separator drum to reduce the water vapor out of the tape. Pan heating surface of a lower portion of the drum, and the water cooling pipe bi pyrotechnic tube. A chain grate combustion section and drive means, coupled with the combustion chamber pan rack on the frame configuration composed of the grate. Four weeks envelope refractories. . From coal fired into the hopper, the shutter coal front portion while sealing air control seam thickness. Blast into the lower part of the combustion chamber is a place that boiler greater resistance, need to force the blast. Cinder burn out, through the grate in the rear portion of the olecranon iron discharged from the machine to send out of the furnace slag. The boiler flue gas from the rear, by the front drum smoke tube a return line, the return from the two rear return smoke tube, and then into the dust separating ashes, and then discharged through the chimney draft fan. Not only is the induced draft fan exhaust fumes, the negative pressure of the boiler operation is required. Steam boiler pressure vessels, safety devices is necessary. Boiler necessary water level gauge, pressure gauge, safety valve, thermometer, and under the pressure of the electric pump can pay, and the vapor pump when power is off can also be used. Boiler water must be softened, as well as water treatment equipment.
Gas-fired vertical steam boiler price plant accident management system, equipment or components of the gas steam boiler damage due to abnormal loss of accuracy, reach the level of accidents is the equipment failure. 2. The main gas steam boiler equipment failure rate evaluation, the failure rate under 23%. 3, less maintenance costs of a gas steam boiler of a device for the 500≤1000 yuan. Gas hot water boiler with environmental protection, energy conservation, safety, salient features fully automatic operation, and ease of use. In addition, due to the operation of the economy, government policies to encourage, gas hot water boiler more and more people of all ages. Steam boiler is an energy conversion device, the energy input to the boiler fuel chemical energy, electrical energy, thermal energy and other forms of high temperature flue gas, and after converting the boiler, the steam output having a certain outside thermal energy, high-temperature hot water or an organic carrier. Small, large, thin device 1000≤ membered or power outages caused by equipment failure company 10 minutes 30 minutes belong to ordinary accident. 4. Gas-fired steam boiler single piece of equipment maintenance costs more than 10,000 yuan, fine, big, thin device more than 30,000 yuan, or due to an accident caused power outages company for more than 30 minutes. The single gas steam boiler equipment maintenance costs more than 500,000 yuan, or accident due to equipment being shut down more than two days, shut down more than a week. Biomass boiler categories: biomass boilers Horizontal, vertical biomass boilers. Biomass gas thermal oil heaters, biomass steam boiler, biomass hot water boiler, biomass oil furnace. 6. Gas-fired steam boiler equipment accident occurs, stop immediately and on-site maintenance. Operator shall immediately report to the workshop, the workshop should be reported immediately to the production department, production department shall, jointly with relevant departments to seriously inspect the site. Responsibility to identify and deal with. When major or serious accident, the production department should ensure quality engineer reported within two hours. 7. Gas-fired steam boiler equipment accidents occur, three things must adhere to the principle of letting go (ie the cause of the accident is unknown, the responsibility for the accident and the masses have no education, no preventive measures), identify the causes and responsibilities, based on the circumstances giving administrative sanctions or financial compensation to punish people break the law according to the law.
How to maintain the boiler shutdown? After boiler shutdown cooling, heating surface must be thoroughly cleaned of fouling and ash grate the upper, the lower portion of the furnace. Then to maintain a certain degree of natural ventilation flue. In general, in order desiccant moisture should be placed in the furnace, flue. The quicklime as a drying agent, within the furnace or flue gas per cubic meter should be placed generally about 3kg. After placing all the ventilation should be tightly closed doors. After the change of lime powder to be replaced. Low-lying position as boiler room, ground during shutdown severe flood tide, often approach should be used and placed a small fire to dry desiccant combination. How to care? If the boiler shutdown a long time, the boiler shutdown after complete removal of soot coated with an anti-corrosion red lead paint in oil or other metal surface furnace. As internal corrosion Maintenance shutdown of the boiler body, under normal circumstances, can be used wet shutdown maintenance is not more than one month, one month electrically operated vertical steam boiler price should be taken to dry more maintenance. To note the following problems when a dry maintenance: desiccant boiler not in direct contact with the metal surface, may be mounted in a container such as the iron plate after the desiccant is placed, and a hole for shutting the other hand hole cover.
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